Research and Development
(A) Research on Basic and Higher education
Basic Education refers to the whole range of educational activities taking place in various settings (formal, non-formal and informal), that aim to meet basic learning needs. According to the International Standard Classification of Education, basic education comprises primary education (first stage of basic education) and lower secondary education (second stage). In countries (developing countries in particular), Basic Education often includes also pre-primary education and/or adult literacy.
We strive to give our best supports by providing academic awareness to the rural sectors, where proper infrastructural support is not always available to impart adequate education.
Heritage Foundation also organized adult Education Awareness Programme in backward areas of the locality in East Medinipur where more than two hundred adult male and female candidate attended the programme.
Dr. M.K. Pradhan has already introduced UK Heritage Institute of Management & Technology(UKHIMT) and Heritage Little Hearts (HLH)to cater quality education.
(B) Experimental research Bio-fertilizer
Biochem in the field of agriculture research the interactions between herbicides with plants. Examining the relationships of compounds, determining their ability to inhibit growth, and evaluate the toxicological effects surrounding of life.
Researchers often break down complex biological systems into their component parts. They study the effects of foods, drugs, allergens and other substances on living tissues; they research molecular biology, the study of life at the molecular level and the study of genes and gene expression; and they study chemical reactions in metabolism, growth, reproduction, and heredity, and apply techniques drawn from biotechnology and genetic engineering to help them in their research. About 75% work in either basic or applied research; those in practical research take basic research and employ it for the benefit of medicine, agriculture, veterinary science, environmental science, and manufacturing.
(C) Research on organic farming
Organic farming system in India is not new and is being followed from ancient time. It is a method of farming system which primarily aimed at cultivating the land and raising crops in such a way, as to keep the soil alive and in good health by use of organic wastes (crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials along with beneficial microbes (bio fertilizers) to release nutrients to crops for increased sustainable production in an eco-friendly pollution free environment.
With associations from Minzuko forum and number researchers from different Universities all over the world Dr. M.K. Pradhan has taken new initiatives to increase the organic farming in parts of West Bengal. His research work is already published in different websites.
(D) Research on Aqua culture and Pisciculture
Fish farming or pisciculture involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures, usually for food. It is the principal form of aquaculture, while other methods may fall under mari culture. A facility that releases juvenile fish into the wild for recreational fishing or to supplement a species' natural numbers is generally referred to as a fish hatchery. Worldwide, the most important fish species used in fish farming are carp, tilapia, salmon, and catfish.
Demand is increasing for fish and fish protein, which has resulted in widespread overfishing in wild fisheries. China provides 62% of the world's farmed fish. As of 2016, more than 50% of seafood was produced by aquaculture.
Farming carnivorous fish, such as salmon, does not always reduce pressure on wild fisheries, since carnivorous farmed fish are usually fed fishmeal and fish oil extracted from wild forage fish. The 2008 global returns for fish farming recorded by the FAO totalled 33.8 million tonnes.
Growth is limited by available food, commonly zooplankton feeding on pelagic algae or benthic animals, such as crustaceans and mollusks. Tilapia filter feed directly on phytoplankton, which makes higher production possible. Photosynthetic production can be increased by fertilizing pond water with artificial fertilizer mixtures, such as potash, phosphorus, nitrogen, and microelements.
Another issue is the risk of algal blooms. When temperatures, nutrient supply, and available sunlight are optimal for algal growth, algae multiply at an exponential rate, eventually exhausting nutrients and causing a subsequent die-off. The decaying algal biomass depletes the oxygen in the pond water because it blocks out the sun and pollutes it with organic and inorganic solutes (such as ammonium ions), which can (and frequently do) lead to massive loss of fish.
To tap all available food sources in the pond, the aqua culturist chooses fish species which occupy different places in the pond ecosystem, e.g., a filter algae feeder such as tilapia, a benthic feeder such as carp or [catfish and a zooplankton feeder (various carps) or submerged weeds feeder such as grass carp.
Despite these limitations, significant fish farming industries use these methods. In the Czech Republic, thousands of natural and semi-natural ponds are harvested each year for trout and carp. The large ponds around Trebon built from around 1650 are still in use.
(E) Research on Food Security
Presently, under developed and developing countries are suffering from a great issue of food security resulting in the problem of malnutrition. Aquaculture and fisheries play a significant role in meeting the problem of food security by producing nutritious and delicious animal protein employing the precious water resources on earth. Aquaculture and fisheries have been experiencing a boom since the min-1980s and therefore it is one of the emerging framings during last few decades in our country. Though it has huge opportunity in rural sector of our country for producing and meeting the demand of animal protein, we are not exploring this resource properly. Besides, aqua and fish farming is able to uplift the socio-economic status of the rural peoples by generating the employment as well as direct cash along with animal protein. In order to improve the socio-economic status of the rural peoples, the following strategies should follow:
- Bring awareness among the rural people regarding the benefit of fish culture in rural water body
- Awareness on scientific technical knowhow of fish farming
- Consider the unused water resources (canal, derelict water body and ponds) for fish culture for extra income
- Follow the integrated fish farming to enhance the fish yield
- Follow recycling organic fish farming to protect the environment
Heritage Foundation under able guidanc of Dr. M.K. Pradhan emphasis on improvement of the quality of life and economic well-beings of the rural people. Thus, It works mainly and mostly on to development aim for the social and economic development of rural areas by showing the scientifically proved and successful methods in Horticulture, Uses of Bio Fertilizer, Employment generation through skill development training, Basic and Professional & Technical Education, Health, Poverty eradication through self-employment and Counselling on different govt. schemes for making those successful for rural people to avail those opportunities.